Likewise, a number of real-life experiments were undertaken in the form of contained, usually short-lived, utopian communities designed to test the viability of a fully cooperative society where competition and want were unknown. This movement was eventually replaced by dystopian literature, in which authors believed nothing positive would ever happen again due to governmental or authoritarian oppression.
I am making the assumption that you have been asked to write an essay in which you describe your utopia, your perfect place, and that you have already determined what elements a world might need to have to be perfect in your eyes. An introduction should set the tone for the rest of the essay, should preview your key points in the form of a thesis or purpose statement , and should capture your readers' interest. Though it is likely that your particular audience already knows about the meaning of "utopia," that is one way you might start your essay.
Another is to select one of many, many quotes on utopias or dystopias because one way to define something is by telling your readers what it is not ; just be sure the quote is directly applicable and is not simply a distraction for your readers. You might also create a kind of frivolous or "cheesy" utopia to start with, like something a five-year-old might describe: While these can be considered perfect, they are rather superficial; from them you can move to some more important and significant ideas which you think would make the world a better, if not a perfect, place.
These utopian societies included the Shakers , who originated in England in the 18th century and arrived in America in A number of religious utopian societies from Europe came to the United States from the 18th century throughout the 19th century, including the Society of the Woman in the Wilderness led by Johannes Kelpius — , the Ephrata Cloister established in , and the Harmony Society , among others. The Harmony Society was a Christian theosophy and pietist group founded in Iptingen , Germany , in On February 15, , about followers formally organized the Harmony Society, placing all their goods in common.
The group lasted until , making it one of the longest-running financially successful communes in American history. Although this utopian experiment has become better known today for its manufacture of Oneida silverware, it was one of the longest-running communes in American history.
The Amana Colonies were communal settlements in Iowa , started by radical German pietists , which lasted from to The Amana Corporation , manufacturer of refrigerators and household appliances, was originally started by the group.
The Amish and Hutterites can also be considered an attempt towards religious utopia. A wide variety of intentional communities with some type of faith-based ideas have also started across the world. The Book of Revelation in the Christian Bible depicts an eschatological time with the defeat of Satan and of evil.
The main difference compared to the Old Testament promises is that such a defeat also has an ontological value Rev There will be no more death' or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away" and no longer just gnosiological Isaiah Daily and mundane details of this new Earth, where God and Jesus rule, remain unclear, although it is implied to be similar to the biblical Garden of Eden.
Some theological philosophers believe that heaven will not be a physical realm, but instead an incorporeal place for souls. Though Francis Bacon 's New Atlantis is imbued with a scientific spirit, scientific and technological utopias tend to be based in the future, when it is believed that advanced science and technology will allow utopian living standards ; for example, the absence of death and suffering ; changes in human nature and the human condition.
Technology has affected the way humans have lived to such an extent that normal functions, like sleep, eating or even reproduction, have been replaced by artificial means. Other examples include a society where humans have struck a balance with technology and it is merely used to enhance the human living condition e.
In place of the static perfection of a utopia, libertarian transhumanists envision an " extropia ", an open, evolving society allowing individuals and voluntary groupings to form the institutions and social forms they prefer. Mariah Utsawa presented a theoretical basis for technological utopianism and set out to develop a variety of technologies ranging from maps to designs for cars and houses which might lead to the development of such a utopia. One notable example of a technological and libertarian socialist utopia is Scottish author Iain Banks ' Culture.
Opposing this optimism is the prediction that advanced science and technology will, through deliberate misuse or accident, cause environmental damage or even humanity's extinction. Critics, such as Jacques Ellul and Timothy Mitchell advocate precautions against the premature embrace of new technologies. Both raise questions about changing responsibility and freedom brought by division of labour.
Authors such as John Zerzan and Derrick Jensen consider that modern technology is progressively depriving humans of their autonomy, and advocate the collapse of the industrial civilization, in favor of small-scale organization, as a necessary path to avoid the threat of technology on human freedom and sustainability.
There are many examples of techno-dystopias portrayed in mainstream culture, such as the classics Brave New World and Nineteen Eighty-Four , often published as "", which have explored some of these topics.
Utopias have been used to explore the ramifications of genders being either a societal construct, or a biologically "hard-wired" imperative, or some mix of the two.
For example, Edward Bellamy 's Looking Backward responded, progressively for his day, to the contemporary women's suffrage and women's rights movements.
Bellamy supported these movements by incorporating the equality of women and men into his utopian world's structure, albeit by consigning women to a separate sphere of light industrial activity due to women's lesser physical strength , and making various exceptions for them in order to make room for and to praise motherhood. One of the earlier feminist utopias that imagines complete separatism is Charlotte Perkins Gilman 's Herland In science fiction and technological speculation , gender can be challenged on the biological as well as the social level.
Marge Piercy 's Woman on the Edge of Time portrays equality between the genders and complete equality in sexuality regardless of the gender of the lovers. Birth-giving, often felt as the divider that cannot be avoided in discussions of women's rights and roles, has been shifted onto elaborate biological machinery that functions to offer an enriched embryonic experience, When a child is born, it spends most of its time in the children's ward with peers.
Three "mothers" per child are the norm, and they are chosen in a gender neutral way men as well as women may become "mothers" on the basis of their experience and ability. Technological advances also make possible the freeing of women from childbearing in Shulamith Firestone 's The Dialectic of Sex. The fictional aliens in Mary Gentle 's Golden Witchbreed start out as gender-neutral children and do not develop into men and women until puberty, and gender has no bearing on social roles.
In contrast, Doris Lessing 's The Marriages Between Zones Three, Four and Five suggests that men's and women's values are inherent to the sexes and cannot be changed, making a compromise between them essential.
Utopian single-gender worlds or single-sex societies have long been one of the primary ways to explore implications of gender and gender-differences. Charlotte Perkins Gilman's novel approaches this type of separate society. Many feminist utopias pondering separatism were written in the s, as a response to the Lesbian separatist movement ;    examples include Joanna Russ 's The Female Man and Suzy McKee Charnas 's Walk to the End of the World and Motherlines.
Voices are certainly as influential and famous as any of the American feminist utopias. In many cultures, societies, and religions, there is some myth or memory of a distant past when humankind lived in a primitive and simple state, but at the same time one of perfect happiness and fulfillment.
In those days, the various myths tell us, there was an instinctive harmony between humanity and nature. People's needs were few and their desires limited. Both were easily satisfied by the abundance provided by nature. Accordingly, there were no motives whatsoever for war or oppression. Nor was there any need for hard and painful work.
Humans were simple and pious , and felt themselves close to their God or gods. According to one anthropological theory, hunter-gatherers were the original affluent society.
These mythical or religious archetypes are inscribed in many cultures, and resurge with special vitality when people are in difficult and critical times. However, in utopias, the projection of the myth does not take place towards the remote past, but either towards the future or towards distant and fictional places, imagining that at some time in the future, at some point in space, or beyond death, there must exist the possibility of living happily. These myths of the earliest stage of humankind have been referred to by various cultures, societies, and religions:.
The Greek poet Hesiod , around the 8th century BC, in his compilation of the mythological tradition the poem Works and Days , explained that, prior to the present era , there were four other progressively more perfect ones, the oldest of which was the Golden Age. It is the place which is totally opposite of Utopia as life of dystopia is threatened by terror.
Absolute happiness can be achieved in Utopia. Happiness is the common aspect among the people of Utopia. Let me tell you it is assumed that even if some of the peoples of Utopia are poor still they are found to be happy for the society they live in.
My utopia essay will highlight some of the important imaginary features of Utopia. You can consider this as an example essay utopia. The word Utopia is coined from Greek the word itself means an imaginary world where no reality exists. It has been already stated earlier that dystopia is the place where the environment is assumed to be filled with madness, corruption and confusion. Writing about dystopia reminds me of the period when Germany was ruled by Hitler. Moreover, there two views regarding utopian society.
Utopian Society in Shakespeare's The Tempest - The study of Shakespeare’s The Tempest raises many questions as to its interpretation. Many believe that this play shows Shakespeare’s views on the colonization of the new world whereas others believe that this is a play about the ever elusive “Utopian Society”.
A utopian society is a society which has perfect political and social order. When talking about a utopian society, the word perfect is synonymous. A perfect society seems close, but is really very far away.
Utopian Society Essay - Virtually every culture has strived to achieve a Utopian society. A Utopian society is basically a society, which has surpassed aggression, war, hate, and crime while establishing “peaceful” and orderly communities. Education is a fundamental of my utopian society. Education is encouraged by society, and progressive study beyond the required levels can also earn merits. To keep a well maintained society running smoothly, and elected body of officials whom.
Essay on Utopian Societies in Literature Words | 9 Pages. Utopian Societies in Literature A Utopian Society is based on the idea that all governmental tactics, laws, and social conditions are ideal to perfection. Writing about utopia essay/ utopian society essay is quite interesting as readers will come across lots of interesting things. The perception of utopia is quite different which consists of social and political perfection. On the other hand dystopia is a place where condition of life is quite dreadful. It is the place which is totally opposite.